India is the 7th largest country by area and the 2nd most populous country with over 1.2 billion people. The human sex ratio is 940 females per 1000 males due to female infanticide and female foeticide. There are a total of 50 million more males than females in the nation. The payment of a dowry, although illegal, remains widespread across class lines. Deaths resulting from dowry disputes, mostly bride-burning, is on the rise. Child marriages are common, especially in rural areas with many Indian women marrying before the age of 18, which is the legal marriageable age.

It's estimated that millions of children in India live as modern-day slaves. They work in the fields, in factories, brothels and private households – often without pay and usually with no realistic chance of escaping. The majority of them are sold or hired out by their own families. 

According to an Indian government census from 2001, this country of over 1 billion people has 12.6 million minors between the ages of 5 and 14 who are working. The real number is undoubtedly significantly higher because many children are not officially registered at birth and the owners of course do their best to keep the existence of child slaves a secret. Aid organizations estimate that three-quarters of all domestic servants in India are children, and 90 percent of those are girls. Although both child labor and child trafficking are illegal, police rarely intervene and the courts seldom convict child traffickers and slaveholders.


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